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Stop (bad) labelling!

Sagita Novia Rohmadani (K2220072)

Video Title: Removing Labels | Dominique Goodmond | TEDxPerryvilleCorrectional

Date: 11 November 2022

  1. What is being discussed in the video? Explain your answer.
    What is discussed in the video is a true experience of a person named Dominique Goodmond who experienced a change in the label given by society to her in such a short time that changed her perspective on herself and society. Initially, Dominique was a woman who was considered by those around her as talented, ambitious, and intelligent. However, one day she gets into a serious accident where Dominique accidentally bumps into 3 people and causes them to be hospitalized. At the time of the accident, Dominique was under the influence of alcohol. Knowing this, the people around her then change the label given to her to become addicts, criminals, convicts, guilty, etc. With this experience, Dominique realized that it turns out that the ‘label’ given by society does not define a person permanently, but can change. When Dominique went to prison, she also later met people in prison who were educated, smart, and kind. Dominique was stunned again, she realized that the labels given by society to prisoners such as scary, evil, have no mercy, are not entirely true. Dominique realized that the ‘label’ was not permanent. Everyone has the right to be whatever they want without being limited by the label given by society to them.
  2. What is the speaker’s main purpose? Explain your answer.
    The purpose of the video is to inspire the audience by telling the inspiring true story of the speaker. In the video, the speaker also challenges the audience to remove the labels that society has given to them and start being whatever they want without being limited by labels and expectations given by others.
  3. How trustworthy is this video? Who is the speaker? What is the source? Do you think the source and the speaker are trustworthy?
    This video is very trustworthy because it is held by a very credible event, namely Ted Talk where the speakers there have to convey inspiring ideas or stories. Then, the speaker is also trustworthy because she is a person who has experienced the incident herself and reflects on it. Dominique is already well-known as an activist who campaigns for remove labeling in America, one of which is through his podcast on Backtracks. Based on that, I think the source and the speaker are trustworthy. Here the podcast from Dominque: https://backtracks.fm/discover/s/a-correctional-view/2bd99c1e316dfa6b
  4. What the speaker’s attitude or tone towards the subject? Does he/she seem to agree or disagree with it? Explain your answer.
    The speaker’s attitude regarding the subject, namely “labeling” is opposite. Speakers consider labeling a bad thing because it can limit people’s potential and limit interaction. Therefore, she campaigned for “Remove labeling”.
  5. Does the speaker put forward valid or strong arguments? How does he/she support the key points? Explain your answer.
    The speaker give the strong argument because she convey about her experience and she uses data to support her argument, by explaining that there are 27,000 women and individuals who find it difficult to return to their previous career after being released from prison because of the “label” they carry. Then the speaker also mentioned that a study conducted by the Department of Bear of Justice stated that 450 former prisoners who had been released, within five years 2 out of 3 returned to prison. This is because the label they get as ex-prisoners makes it difficult for them to get a job and they fall back into crime again. From this we can see that the label that society gives to a person can actually affect his/her fate, because with that label some people will experience limitations in interaction and potential development.
  6. Explain how this article will help contribute to your larger group project.
    This video gave me insight that labeling can have a huge impact on someone’s life. However, labeling is not permanent and one can remove the label that society has given to them. I myself strongly agree with this argument, because I do not consider someone as a single criteria. I think that humans are complex, and deeper than what they appear to be from the outside, because there are many factors and reason why people act in specific way in specific situation. As the saying goes, understanding the depths of the sea is easier than understanding humans. I think every human being is unique, and we never know who is actually sitting around us (someone sitting on the bench next to us maybe 10 years from now will be a great rock star, musician, president, or even a criminal, we will never know). Therefore, I don’t want to label people and I don’t want to put them in boxes. For my future projects, the video will provide insight into the real labeling phenomenon. With this, maybe later we can discuss the labeling phenomenon that occurs around us and reflect on it.

Video Title: How Labels Control the Direction of Your Life

Date: 11 November 2022

  1. What is being discussed in the video? Explain your answer.
    The video explains how labels affect your life and how changing our beliefs can open new doors and transcend our limiting beliefs. The video explains how humans from birth have been labeled with “name”, then “boy or girl” which later also becomes a stereotype. This is visualized with decorations that have even been distinguished for men and women. Then came the notion that men were smarter at computers, math, and sports while women were smarter at the arts. In fact, there are no studies that prove that men are always good at computers, math, and sports, while women are the opposite. Even so, the labeling that is given to someone then becomes a stereotype that ultimately limiting his/her potential.
  2. What is the speaker’s main purpose? Explain your answer.
    The purpose of the video is to explain that labels and beliefs have a strong effect on the activities that children choose and what they are comfortable trying. Labeling also has a strong effect on the direction of the child’s life and where they will find success.
  3. How trustworthy is this video? Who is the speaker? What is the source? Do you think the source and the speaker are trustworthy?
    The video is reliable because it was made by “Practical Psychology” which is a YouTube channel that focuses on developing the quality of human life by providing videos about psychology that can be practically implemented in human life. In the video, of course, it doesn’t just provide information, but has been designed to be published to the public.
  4. What the speaker’s attitude or tone towards the subject? Does he/she seem to agree or disagree with it? Explain your answer.
    I think the speaker’s attitude towards the subject is neutral, because the speech is informative speech so that the speaker only provides information that the label given can control the direction of a person’s life. At the end of the video, the speaker said that it is up to us how to make the label useful.
  5. Does the speaker put forward valid or strong arguments? How does he/she support the key points? Explain your answer.
    The argument from the video is strong because it explains the facts that occur in everyday life, and also conveys research that supports the argument.
  6. Explain how this article will help contribute to your larger group project.
    This article will provide insight into my future projects that it turns out that we can take advantages from the labels given by the community too, even though it is not easy if the labels given are bad labels that limit what a person can do.

Video Title: Why labeling students as “gifted” isn’t working

Date: 11 November 2022

  1. What is being discussed in the video? Explain your answer.
    In the video, a speaker named Ava Echard conveys her idea that comes from her own life experience that it turns out that labeling students as “gifted” is also not always a good thing. By labeling students like that, it gives high expectations and perfectionist tendencies which actually damage the nature of students to learn. Rather than labeling students “gifted” and assigning expectations and tendencies to perfectionism to them, teachers should focus more on the unique differences of students and embracing that each student has different and unique talents.
  2. What is the speaker’s main purpose? Explain your answer.
    The main purpose of the video is to inform the audience that even good labels sometimes have bad effects. Labeling students “gifted” can also have a negative impact. The speaker also invited teachers to focus more on the unique and different potential of students rather than labeling one student as more gifted than another.
  3. How trustworthy is this video? Who is the speaker? What is the source? Do you think the source and the speaker are trustworthy?
    I think the speaker is trustworthy and the source is also trustworthy. The speaker is a teenager named Ava Echard who is an International Relations Student in the Joint Degree Program at the College of William and Mary and the University of St Andrews. Her ideas based on her experience include ideas that are worth spreading in the Ted Education Student Talk event, so that the speaker and the source is trustworthy for this subject.
  4. What the speaker’s attitude or tone towards the subject? Does he/she seem to agree or disagree with it? Explain your answer.
    The speaker’s attitude towards the subject is oppose. The speaker considers that labeling students as “gifted” actually gives a burden because it places expectations on students which leads to perfectionist tendencies. That way, students lose their nature to play and learn naturally because they are pursuing perfection.
  5. Does the speaker put forward valid or strong arguments? How does he/she support the key points? Explain your answer.
    The speaker has a strong argument because she conveys an idea that is reflected from her experience and is supported by research that supports her argument. First the speaker conveyed his experience regarding this subject, then she added with research data, then she came to the conclusion that labeling students can turn off their learning nature. Instead of labeling students as more gifted, it is better to focus on their different potentials and how to naturally awaken their learning instincts without any pressure and expectations.
  6. Explain how this article will help contribute to your larger group project.
    For my project, the video provides insight that even a good label can be bad. So it’s not only bad labels that have a bad impact, it turns out that good labels can also have a bad impact. The video provides a different point of view that I can learn more to compose my final project.

Video Title: Labels Limit Learning

Date: 2 December 2022

  1. What is being discussed in the video? Explain your answer.
    What the video explains is that labeling children at school can limit their learning process. For example, if there are children in a class who are considered “smartest,” such as A who is the smartest in math, B who is the best in language, and C who is the best at sports, it will limit the learning processes of other children. Other children will automatically think, “Oh, A is the smartest at math, so no matter how hard I study, I won’t be as smart as A.” At school, teachers value students with good grades (e.g., 90, 95, 98) more than students with poor grades but significant progress (eg 67,80,88). What should be evaluated in learning activities is “opportunity to learn.” Teachers should not forget that students who make the most significant progress have experienced a good learning process even if they start with poor grades first but then significantly their grades is became higher, rather than students who always get good grades but don’t have significant progress.
  2. What is the speaker’s main purpose? Explain your answer.
    The main purpose of the speaker is to explain to the audience that labeling students at school, whether labeling them as good or bad can limit learning. With this, the speaker provided supporting data as well as his observations. Educational consultant James Nottingham draws attention to the problem of labelling children – even when those labels seem positive. He describes the impact of labels – good and bad – on student expectations and how this affects learning. He then offers us alternatives – to focus on student progress (rather than rank order) and to use labels to describe actions rather than people.
  3. How trustworthy is this video? Who is the speaker? What is the source? Do you think the source and the speaker are trustworthy?
    I think the video is trustworthy with regards to who the speaker is and what he is talking about. The speaker, James Nottingham, is an experienced educational consultant in his field, and what he talks about is very relevant to his field, has been observed for many years, and is supported by data from other experts such as Jacqueline Eccles (2000).
  4. What the speaker’s attitude or tone towards the subject? Does he/she seem to agree or disagree with it? Explain your answer.
    The speaker’s attitude toward the topic was clearly disagree. The speaker explained that labeling students, even if the label was positive, would limit the student’s learning process. Rather than labeling students or rewarding them in the form of grades, it’s better to see how much progress they have made.
  5. Does the speaker put forward valid or strong arguments? How does he/she support the key points? Explain your answer.
    Yes. The speakers provide valid arguments. The speaker not only explains his own opinion, but he also explains logically how the student labeling process will affect the limited student learning process. He also includes strong data from other experts that support his argument.
  6. Explain how this article will help contribute to your larger group project.
    This resource is very useful for my project. Previously I was confused with labeling, what would happen if the labeling given to students was good labeling, whether the impact would be negative or positive. As it turns out, this video answered the question.

Video Title: Let’s Start Label-Free School

Date: 2 December 2022

  1. What is being discussed in the video? Explain your answer.
    The video conveys an idea and a campaign to stop the school labeling of a child named Martha Fishburne. Martha is an 8th grader who has spoken on many occasions about labeling. He conveyed his experience that in schools often the phenomenon of labeling still occurs, whether it be between teacher-students, or between peers. This is very important but the dangers are still not recognized. Labels can limit potency. Therefore Martha gave 2 tips to overcome this problem: First, we should not limit our potential based on the labels that other people give us. Second, we must not label other people.
  2. What is the speaker’s main purpose? Explain your answer.
    The speaker’s main purpose is to invite the audience to stop labeling at school, especially between peers. Martha explained that it is very annoying when people label us with only 1 word. In fact, humans are very beautiful, super complex creatures that cannot be defined in just one word.
  3. How trustworthy is this video? Who is the speaker? What is the source? Do you think the source and the speaker are trustworthy?
    The video is trustworthy because it is organized by Ted Talk where the ideas that can be shared there are not just any trivial ideas. What Martha said really happened, was logical, and few people were aware of it. The idea is very important to convey to people so they don’t get used to labeling.
  4. What the speaker’s attitude or tone towards the subject? Does he/she seem to agree or disagree with it? Explain your answer.
    The speaker’s attitude toward the topic is absolutely disagree. The Speker explained to the audience that labeling that occurs in schools must be stopped because it has a bad impact. However, Martha is not only focused on the person who gives the label, but also encourages the person who receives the label so that they are not completely subject to the label given to them by others.
  5. Does the speaker put forward valid or strong arguments? How does he/she support the key points? Explain your answer.
    Actually what the speaker said was not supported by scientific data that could be accounted for, but even so what he said was logical and actually happened in real life. The speaker relates this topic to his own experience, then he also relates it to human habits in ancient times. In ancient times, humans did tend to classify things, but that is no longer relevant today where science and technology have developed so rapidly that anything can happen, human potential is also less-limited.
  6. Explain how this article will help contribute to your larger group project.
    This video will help me find out the labeling point of view of an 8th grade student, and how he overcomes labeling and campaigns to create a free-labels school so that all children can develop their potential without being limited.